Part IV

Corneliu-Liviu POPESCU, Ph.D. in Law Professor, Universal Declaration of Human Rights and European Convention on Human Rights: between succesion and secession
The Universal Declaration of Human Rights and the European Convention on Human Rights have been adopted at the same period, immediately after the horrors of the Second World War. Contrary to the Declaration - declaratory text, which includes not only civil and political rights, but also economic, social and cultural rights and concerns also the duties of person -, the Convention, declaring its origins, states clearly its superiority, by a conventional text, concerning exclusively rights which can be protected by courts (civil and political rights) and eliminating the duties of person and by the support of a judicial control mechanism (the European Court of Human Rights), which is still today the most elaborated and the most efficient international system for human rights protection.

Keywords: Universal Declaration of Human Rights, European Convention on Human Rights, conventional and declaratory sources, universalism and regionalism, civil and political rights and economic, social and cultural rights, duties of person, judicial control.
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