Part IV

Gheorghe IANCU, Ph.D. in Law Professor, Referendum in Romania
According to the Romanian Constitution and to the Law nr.3/2000, there are national and local/county referenda. Referenda can be either mandatory or facultative. National referenda are binding and they are organized for specific purposes- the revision of the Constitution and the Romanian President's dismissal. As for the facultative referenda, they are organized for matters of national interest, established by the President of Romania. Local or county referenda organized for issues of special interest of the concerned administrative-territorial unit are facultative, whereas those organized for implementing  changes in the territorial boundaries of administrative-territorial unit are rather binding. Normally, referenda are organised based on the same rules provided for elections. The conducting and organising of referenda can be performed whenever needed.  The results of national referenda and shall be publicly confirmed by the Constitutional Court, which shall ensure that the referenda process meets the required procedures. Local and county referenda results are communicated by the prefects directly to the Ministry of Administration and Interior,who ,in turn, informs the Government.. Between May 1864 and November 2007, 11 national referenda and a significant number of local referenda were organised in Romania.

Keywords: national and local (county) referenda, binding and facultative referenda, specific procedural rules, common procedural rules

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