The criminal sanctions law, which is defined as the law which studies, mainly, the penalties and safety measures, is a branch which suffered many evolutions, in terms of legislation as well as in the field of case law, under the influence of European instruments and of the European Court of Human Rights. The choice to study this branch departed from its timeliness both in France and Romania. It is defined through legal dispositions contained in the Criminal Code as well as in the Criminal Procedure Code applicable in France and Romania. In the latter State, important provisions are also contained in laws 253 and 254 of 2013 on the enforcement of criminal sanctions, but also in the regulations adopted for the implementation of these laws. Taken into consideration the lien between the French and Romanian criminal codes, the scientific objective of the study is to propose a comparison between the stage of criminal sanctions law in France and in Romania, country where the Criminal Code and the Criminal Procedure Code have recently entered into force. In this context, the proposed main issue to study is the following: to what extend does the French criminal sanctions law has an influence over the Romanian similar branch?