Part IV

Şerban Alexandru STĂNESCU, Maître Assistant, Instruments internationaux concernant la protection du milieu marin contre la pollution par hydrocarbures (I)
One of the most serious kinds of marine pollution is due to the hydrocarbons. Spillages, accidental or no, threaten the flora and the water wildlife, particularly the weaker species. At the same time, the pollution of the coastal environment constitutes a danger for the economical and social activities in the coastal zones (the most affected ones are the fishing, the marine cultures and the tourism).

The complexity of the effects of the hydrocarbon spillages justifies a well-developed network of international instruments of cooperation against pollution with hydrocarbons. From the standpoint of their end, these instruments can be classified in three categories: 1) instruments aiming the prevention of pollution with hydrocarbons, 2) instruments aiming the limitation or the elimination of the such a pollution effects and 3) instruments instituting repair mechanisms of the damages caused by this pollution.

After some general and methodological observations, the first party of the study is devoted to the investigation of the first category of the international instruments mentioned above. The analysis concerns the origins of the international cooperation in matter and the universal international instruments – the International Convention for the Prevention of Pollution from Ships (MARPOL 73/78) and the Convention on the Prevention of Marine Pollution by Dumping of Wastes and Other Matter (London, 1972) – and aims three dimensions: a) the application domain of the convention, b) the measures of prevention with hydrocarbons of Sea environment and c) the application of these measures and the penalty of their violation.

The regional international instruments will constitute the subject of the analysis in the second party of the study.

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