Parts I - II

Florin COMAN-KUND, Assistant Professor, A short insight into the "executive branch" of the EU. The Council, the Commission and the EC executive agencies
Despite being labeled sometimes as a ‘sui generis system’, it might be argued, however, that the EU has an ‘executive branch’ which is developing and becomes more visible. At present, it is even possible to identify a political and an administrative executive of the EU, although, in practice, this delineation might be blurred to some extent. In this context, the European agencies occupy a special position within the EU administrative system, as distinct bodies entrusted with specific implementing tasks. There is no single agency model, but it might be said that, on the one hand, most of the agencies enjoy a certain independence, while, on the other hand, their formal prerogatives are quite limited. As for the executive agencies, they are a specific category of Community agencies, although on the EU website they are mentioned separately. The executive agencies are separate legal entities as well, but the fact that they are subject to strict supervision by the Commission means that their formal independence is very limited; moreover, the executive agencies are also subject to some controls in relation with the Council. However, if we go beyond the formal relations, it is possible for the executive agencies to exercise a certain influence over the Commission and the Council by taking advantage of their expertise.
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