Part I

Mircea VALENTIN
This article refers, in an analytical manner, to the scope, relatively outside the ordinary, of the EU provisions on competition on the development of the basic economical freedoms of the European Union, which are, in their turn, instruments for the creation and the strengthening of the internal market. The  classical  cope of the rules on competition is to ensure that the mechanisms of the free market are observed by the companies, to the advantage of the consumers. Throughout the evolution of the European Union and within the building of the EU structure, this scope has been subordinated to the goal to create, firstly, a common market, referred to, presently, as the internal market. Such subordination, at the level of the European Union, is, however, normal, taking into account that the proper functioning of the competition rules is conditioned by the prior existence of a market, to which such functioning is referred. In the specific case of the European Union, the internal market had first to go further a mere intention in the founding treaties and to transform itself from a provision in these into a reality, through the merger, as quick as possible, of the national markets and the elimination of the economical boundaries which existed and, in some instances, still exist today. Beyond the official statements, the internal market has not reached even nowdays the level of integration expressed in the constitutive documents of the Union, which makes my study of significant relevance for the present time. A good understanding of the particularities of the relation among the basic economical freedoms, the formation of the internal market and the competition rules, is of great importance for the understanding of the ways in which these are applied by the European Commission and the EU courts.

Key-words: the EU provisions, competition law, the internal market, competition rules
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